Verdier is the name you need to know.
If you want high end the sky is the absolute limit - do a websearch for a rockport sirius 3!
As for your $200 budget - have you considered an Origin Live kit - this is a bit more expensive, but very good
Also think about classic kit like a throens TD150/124, a garrard 301, or or one of the old Technics SP10's or MArantz TT1000 etc. All very good and can teach current high end a thing or two.
There are many considerations for an analog front end...turntable, cartridge, cables, and phonoamp. Also, what platform are you willing and able to put you table on (i.e. do you have a suspended floor or a concrete pad?)?
What type of music do you play?
What is your budget for this "enterprise"?
How much space do you have?