Greg, the signal that is carried by your phono cable from your tonearm/cartridge to your phono preamplification stage is a very, very small signal (often less than 1 millivolt, which is roughly 1/1000th of the voltage level of a typical line level signal from the output of a typical source component like a CD player or a tuner). As a result, it is best to keep your phono cable as short as possible - typically about 1 meter. If you go longer than about 1.5 meters, you will often encounter problems with noise or loss of signal integrity.
On the other hand, once the signal from your cartridge has been amplified by your phono preamplifier (which can be either a stand-alone phono stage housed in its own chassis and purchased separately from your preamp or a built-in phono stage housed within a full-function preamplifier), you can then use a much longer pair of interconnects to pass this line level signal on to your preamplifier or amplifier.
I gather that your phono stage is housed within a full-function preamp. If so, it would be best to relocate your preamp to a shelf that is very close in proximity to your turntable. Another alternative would be to use a stand-alone phono stage, which can be located close to your turntable and connected to a line level input on your preamplifier using a longer pair of interconnects.