Does anyone care to ask an amplifier designer a technical question? My door is open.

I closed the cable and fuse thread because the trolls were making a mess of things. I hope they dont find me here.

I design Tube and Solid State power amps and preamps for Music Reference. I have a degree in Electrical Engineering, have trained my ears keenly to hear frequency response differences, distortion and pretty good at guessing SPL. Ive spent 40 years doing that as a tech, store owner, and designer.
Perhaps someone would like to ask a question about how one designs a successfull amplifier? What determines damping factor and what damping factor does besides damping the woofer. There is an entirely different, I feel better way to look at damping and call it Regulation , which is 1/damping.

I like to tell true stories of my experience with others in this industry.

I have started a school which you can visit at There you can see some of my presentations.

On YouTube go to the Music Reference channel to see how to design and build your own tube linestage. The series has over 200,000 views. You have to hit the video tab to see all.

I am not here to advertise for MR. Soon I will be making and posting more videos on YouTube. I don’t make any money off the videos, I just want to share knowledge and I hope others will share knowledge. Asking a good question is actually a display of your knowledge because you know enough to formulate a decent question.

Starting in January I plan to make these videos and post them on the HiFi school site and hosted on a new YouTube channel belonging to the school.

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None were microphonic initially, as determined by lightly tapping on them with a pencil eraser. Two of them eventually became severely microphonic, however.

Yes Al there are so many that are and owners don’t even know they have them, they think it’s "euphonics" but in fact echo.
I test "every tube" not just 6SN7’s that come by me, with a tap of the fingernail and watching the oscilloscope.
Or in the listening system turn the volume up to normal and get someone to listen in front of the speaker/s while you flick gently with the finger nail.
A "bonk" microphonic, with a "tinkle" can be loose/shaky heater filaments as well.
A "runway" bonk (rotating feedback) that just gets louder and louder, a severely microphonic tube have your spare hand on the poweramp power switch.

Cheers George

 I’ve tried power cords from Shunyata and XLO and have not heard any difference.  Shunyata one was there flag ship that was selling used for almost 2K. Nada. 
 That was before I really got into the hobby and started building some things and learned a little bit about how this stuff works. I thought there was something wrong with me that everybody could hear these drastic changes and I couldn’t! 
I wanted to weigh in on the power cord debate. I purchased a few of them several years ago. I did it because so many people were raving about how great they are, including one friend of mine in particular. When I replaced my stock cables, I did so without doing an intensive A/B comparison. I just took the stock ones out and put the “good” ones in. Sounded great... but it sounded great before. Not much to say other than that. If I have to work really hard to detect a difference, it’s not worth it. I honestly don’t have very expensive cables, considering the cost of my gear. I use Anti-cables for my speakers, and a mix of moderately priced Tara Labs and Audioquest for interconnects. My friend uses VERY expensive cables, and has components and speakers that are more expensive than mine, but we both agree that my system sounds better. I wouldn’t argue with someone who tells me their cables make a huge difference. To them maybe they do. But to me, so far, they haven’t. I have no problem hearing differences in different pressings of the same LP. I hear differences between amps, preamps, LP playback systems, speaker positioning, etc. But cables, not so much. It’s also odd that people who love cables get so angry and defensive when other people don’t get excited about them. Hey, if you dig ‘em, get ‘em, and be happy with what sounds good to you. You don’t have to get so mad. 
Quote analogluvr , " I’ve tried power cords from Shunyata and XLO and have not heard any difference.  Shunyata one was there flag ship that was selling used for almost 2K. Nada."
The only place where I, personally, find inarguable, obvious difference/reason, in brand, cost and attention to details where cables or wiring are used is in Tonearms and Phono Cables. I would rather direct extra value/dollars into the power supply parts than the cord to the wall beyond a solid firm contact/shielding. I too couldn't hear obvious value of the much higher cost of exotic power cords , especially vs. just a portion of that cost put into better parts in the power supply circuitry. 
Tomic, the ADS L 2030 was ( likely still is ) an awesome speaker.....Enjoy ! MrD.