what type of subwoofer is good for ribbons

I am looking to buy a new set of speakers I am very interested in some magnepan ribbon speakers but they dont have enough bass i also heard that you need a special subwoofer for these in order for them to sound right what would make a good subwoofer for ribbon speakers
It might be best to consider only sealed box designs or those with ports that can be plugged. You might contact Magnepan to get their suggestions regarding subwoofers. No matter what sub you buy, the setup requirements will be the same and the process will be similar. It takes some effort, but I think it's worth it.

Based on your electronics, the connection options could be limited and your sub choices will be impacted.
Since the only Maggies w/true ribbon drivers are the 3-series and the 20-series, you will be in a very good class of panel.
However, I'd skip the sub until you decide you really need it. The 3.6, soon to be 3.7 is pretty good while the 20.1 is very good. (for bass output).

Match a sub w/ panels? Cross over very low...near the lowest rated frequency of the panel. I cross over my 1.6s (not ribbon) at about 40hz or less.

setup is key. Also, for Maggies, you'll need a good amplifier. NOT because they are a bad load, but because of fairly low sensitivity. Make sure you have a large enough room to integrate larger panels and can place them into the room far enough....3 or 4 feet from 'front' wall, as a start.

My HSU Research sub has 2x ports and a single optional plug. I use the plug and run in 'maximum extension' mode. Good output is reached down to a usable 16hz...the lowest organ pedal note. Bass guitar, standup bass and kettle drums are all musical. The lowest octave of an Imperial Grand is real, in room.

Go audition the Maggies without sub and see if you can live without it. I'll bet that the larger panels can mostly do without.
Subwoofer design that integrates well with Maggies and Quads and such is something that I've been interested in for a long time. Briefly, after building a very wide variety of prototypes in search of a subjectively "fast enough" sub, I learned from Dr. Earl Geddes that the primary problem is the room itself, so that is what needs to be addressed. But I'm not talking about room treatment here; I'm talking about an unorthodox approach to subwoofing. First a bit of background:

Dipoles inherently have smoother room interaction in the bass region than monopole speakers do, according to a paper pubished by researcher James M. Kates. The problem with dipole subs is, they don't give you that chest-compression whump! that good monopole subs do because they don't pressurize the room.

The peak-and-dip pattern imposed by the room itself is arguably the single largest hurdle to natural-sounding bass. It can be changed but not eliminated by moving either subwoofer or listener. It can be equalized in one spot only; move a foot or two away, and the equalization may well have actually made things worse.

The solution I learned from Earl Geddes is to use multiple subs scattered asymmetrically around the room.

The more bass sources you have spread around the room, the smoother the in-room bass. The reason is, each will produce a different room-interaction peak-and-dip pattern, and the sum of these multiple dissimilar peak-and-dip patterns is smoother than any one alone would have been.

Therefore, in order to minimize the discrepancy in the bass region between the Maggies (two dipoles in the upper bass region = smooth upper bass) and a single sub (one monopole in the lower bass region = lumpy lower bass), I strongly recommend NOT using a single sub; rather, I recommend using four. If that's not feasible, two or three are still significantly better than one. And the more you use, the smaller they can be.

If you scour the internet for comments on using Maggies with subs, here is what you'll find: Many people who try a single sub go back to using their Maggies with no sub. But nearly everyone who tries their Maggies with two subs keeps them. My recommendation merely takes that trend one generation further, to four subs.

As for sealed vs vented and so forth, in general sealed subs synergize better with the room, but a vented sub can be optimized to actually outperform a sealed sub in this respect. When Magfan plugs one of the ports on his Hsu, he's probably addressing this issue by optimizing the sub's native frequency response to complement the room's inherent gain at low frequencies, which is well worth doing.

All of the above imho, ime, ymmv, etc.

Hi, Check out TBI subs, there is a dealer selling some demo's on audiogon. They are probably the best sub for ribbons that I have heard. They truly are different in their approach than most subs, just take a look at their website for how they achieve building subs that are extremely fast and can keep up with ribbons and other speakers that are usually hard to integrate a sub with. I have a pair of their smaller subs run in stereo with great effect!!
Check em out!!! Tish
Asymmetrical sub placement is good.....Very Good. I read the Harman white paper some time ago and that was one major conclusion.

However, not having deep enough pockets to afford even a pair of the modest sub I ended up with, I must rely on my wacky Asymmetrical ROOM.
8 sides, 2 of which are at 45degrees to the rest, while the ceiling is about 11'6" at the off center peak.
This room really helps and acts to break up bass modes which may otherwise be troublesome.
Like Racamuti, I also run a pair of TBI subs in stereo. They integrate perfectly with Quad 989s. Highly recommended. Robert
I also will throw the TBI into the ring;I am looking at them for my soundlab m2's as well.
Duke (Audiokinesis) is too honorable to blow his own horn. However, nothing prevents me from doing it for him. His SWARM system is outstanding, if:

1) it's in your price range
2) you have the space to place 4 small-footprint subs
3) you can deal with the cabling for #2

I own his Planetarium Betas, of which the SWARM is an integral part. If, however, I were an owner of Maggies, Quads, or the notoriously bassy-shy M-L 'stat, I'd be all over these.
Asymmetrical sub placement is good.....Very Good. I read the Harman white paper some time ago and that was one major conclusion.
As I recall, all the placement recommendations mentioned in the multisub paper on the Harman web site were very symmetrical not asymmetrical. Whether 2 subs or 4 subs, they are always in the same position on opposing walls.
try to find a panel subwoofer, such as the enigma or sound lab b2.

if you want to optimize coherence, a panel sub is the way to go.

unfortunately there are very few of them, and they may not extend low enough to satisfy some bass enthusiasts.

I don't know how I found it.......and can't read it. My eyes are watering so bad from this cold I can hardly see.

Somebody read it and summarize, please.
Also, please note in your answer how well your listening space conforms to the test space....mine? It couldn't.....I have an 8 sided asymmetric room with a vaulted ceiling.....a largish LR / DR in the California fashion.
> all the placement recommendations mentioned in the multisub paper on the Harman web site were very symmetrical not asymmetrical. Whether 2 subs or 4 subs, they are always in the same position on opposing walls.

The idea behind asymmetrical placement is to minimize standing waves by decreasing constructive interference i.e. each sub has a different interaction with its respective room boundary or boundaries, which smooths the overall response.

I have placed my four SWARM subs in many, many different locations, including a symmetrical setup. Trust me, you do not want to do this.
If I may infer, the speed, articulation, and seemingly endless senergy that REL subs offer with it's ability to intergrate easily, is a Company that I had to suggest. Just my MHO, others may have suggestion that are noteworthy also.
Martin Logan Depth sub works great with my 3.6 maggies!!
the problem with panels and cone subs is the dispersion patterns of each driver type is unique.

i think i can hear the discontinuity of a panel and cone sub in all cases in a blindfold test.

i have heard many panels with subs and i have heard two different speakers in each case.

there is another issue. subs have a cabinet. there is a considerable amount of wood which may have a resonant frequency, whereas a panel sub has less wood and its dispersion characteristics are closer to the main speaker.