Review: Linear Tube Audio Z10 Integrated Amplifier

Review: Linear Tube Audio Z10 Integrated Amplifier


Disclaimer: I : am not an audio professional, am not in the industry, have no affiliation whatsoever with any audio manufacturer nor retailer/reseller. I pay for my gear like any other hobbyist.  I have received no consideration or discounts for the opinion that follows.  With this caveat to please the bloodthirsty, on to the topic of this post.


I have enjoyed a lot of gear over the years, some humble, some not so humble. I enjoy hifi equipment and I appreciate the craftspeople who have made it possible through the years for me to enjoy my music. I have enjoyed separates and integrateds, each for different reasons. I have owned Shindo, Audio Research, Leben, Line Magnetic, Naim, Nagra, McIntosh, VAC, Cary, Pass Labs, Primaluna….the list goes on and on. I presently have 2 Leben and 2 Line Magnetic integrated amplifiers and my speakers are Devore Fidelity O/96, IC and speaker cable is all Auditorium 23, power is Running Springs Jaco, power cabling is Audio Archon.  Dac is Lampizator Golden Atlantic fed by a Roon Nucleus Plus server with 4tb internal ssd drive, streaming is via an Auralic G1 through a Curious usb cable to the Lampizator.


I have been reading with great interest about Linear Tube Audio for a couple of years now and watching their product line evolve.  I have been more than mildly interested in the ZOTL technology as one example of what appears to be a material breakthrough in vacuum tube amplification. I wanted to try something to get a taste of this technology but I really didn’t want to invest what Mr. Berning gets for his gear at retail…so I reached out to LTA.  I couldn’t decide between separates (Zotl 10 (el84), Zotl 40 (el34) or the new Ultralinear amp) because I was looking for sound quality, not power output. I settled on the new Z10 el84 integrated.  Mark with LTA was so very patient with me as I wrestled with the choices…more than I would have been had the roles been reversed!


Well, so how does it sound? It’s a bit confounding cold out of the box with zero hours. It sounded great but I was coming straight from a Leben CS300x with NOS Mullards. The Leben sounds “tubey” with a glorious midrange and at the extreme lower frequencies, it can be a bit “loose” on full range speakers. The Leben mids are sublime, slightly rich and euphonic. The highs, also quite rich and airy while enjoying a fine sense of space and presence. The Leben is an amp I don’t think I will ever sell even though I’ve had 5 or 6 of these over the years, this particular Leben is a perfect CS300x Limited which came with the old stock Mullards and JAN 5751’s.  The Linear Tube Audio Z10 Integrated evolved materially as it began to accumulate some hours. First of all, I can’t believe its only rated at 10 wpc into 8 ohms. It sounds FAR, FAR more powerful and I haven’t pushed it yet.  Second of all, it is dead quiet.  Like “check to see if it is on” dead quiet…”ear to the tweeter on my 96db speakers and can’t hear anything” quiet.  


I recently had a Pass Labs XA25 amp (along with an Audio Research Reference 75se) in my system driven by an Audio Research Reference 5se preamp. Both the XA25 and the Ref 75se are fantastic amps. Between these two amps, the Ref 75se was more of everything than the XA25…texture, layering, attack, decay, tone. The leading edge of notes of the XA25, however, is terrific and it is a great amp and a fine value at its price. The Z10 Integrated from LTA gives up nothing to the ARC, the Pass or the Leben and exceeds each in several key areas. It has slightly less “tubeyness” than the Leben without losing the magic.  It has much more “tubeyness” than the ARC without losing the accuracy. It possesses a richness of tone that exceeds what the Pass XA25 does so well but I believe the Z10 does so considerably better. It has leading edge crispness and dynamics that one would typically associate with the best solid state. The top end of the Z10 remains smooth and composed while the air and tone of the top end is there in spades. Where the Z10 has blown me away is with the bass. It hits like a hammer when its on the recording. Play Copland’s Fanfare for the Common Man and hold on for dear life. No hyperbole, its real. The Z10 possesses dynamic, tuneful and well defined bass that is both rich and authoritative. I have maybe 90-100 hours or so on the Z10 and the folks at LTA state that 7 full days (168 hours) are necessary for the Mundorf caps to fully settle in. The Z10 is rich and dynamic and the soundstage width, height and depth are all first rate. The Z10 accomplishes this without drama or fanfare, just amazing sound.  A quick commentary on the casework by Fern & Roby. First rate fit, finish and aesthetics. Everyone will be impressed when opening the box and placing it in your rack. The brass buttons really accent and enhance the overall look and they are touch sensitive buttons, not depress and click type buttons. Very cool. A nice departure from brushed aluminum silver boxes with silver or black buttons vs brushed aluminum black boxes with silver or black buttons.


There are three things I might alter if it were in my power to do so. First, the shipping box/materials could be enhanced as it’s a single box with foam inserts. It worked wonderfully, the Z10 weighs far less than 20 pounds so there is really no issue but there is something nice and reassuring about the double/triple boxes we all see with purposeful foam-cell cutouts. Maybe its just that I am used to the kind of boxes/materials required to safely ship these 75-100 pound amplifiers around that its probably just me.  Second, a minor nit but even though I haven’t opened the casework to see inside, I see the small hex head screws like those used by Audio Note. They work better than flat or phillips head screws and there are only a few to remove compared to an Audio Note case but my dream would be some quasi-recessed thumb screws for those who enjoy a little tube rolling. No company to my knowledge is doing this anyway so no big deal…the lawyers would probably cry foul anyway.  My final wish is very minor. LTA has ingeniously utilized an Apple remote. It’s a fine small aluminum remote, well made, a good size and inexpensive/easy to replace in the future should the need arise. Its available everywhere and a brilliant engineering solution by LTA.  In the future though, I would LOVE to have the option of a Fern and Roby milled brass remote (or maybe engineer something that the Apple remote could slide into) that would match the front panel buttons of the Z10. The buttons are not a polished, clear coated brass like you might see used for handrails at the airport Sheraton, they are a nicely executed matte finish brass. It would really be a nice look but hey, I don’t know how much extra I would pay for these items but I would be willing to pay something extra given the opportunity.


On the topic of price/cost. I chose the Z10 for a turnkey on-ramp to see what all the fuss was about with LTA and the Zotl technology.  They offer a generous return policy so if you don’t like it for any reason, it can be returned for refund. The price as of this writing is just under $5,000 depending if you get the phono stage or not. I did not get the phono stage so no opinion on its performance.  It has a fantastic, I mean a really fantastic high/low power headphone stage, a tape monitor and sufficient inputs, with one balanced input to accompany the single ended inputs. I would put the Z10 Integrated up against anything I’ve ever heard with a high degree of confidence. If you can live with under 20wpc, you owe it to yourself to experience this amp.  Notice that I say 20wpc rather than its 8 ohm stated power rating of 10wpc because it just “feels” so much more powerful.  I once had a Nagra 300b integrated amp and I would take this LTA Z10 every day over the Nagra…. and I liked the Nagra! The Z10 is far and away more rich, more musical and it feels far more powerful to boot!  I haven’t listened to that many SET amps but this amp evokes that kind of purity of tone to my mind’s eye.


In closing, the Linear Tube Audio Z10 Integrated amplifier is easy to live with, it is easy to operate, it is easy to place and it puts off surprisingly little heat.  The sound can best be described as it brings the best of tubes to the table and injects those few areas where solid state outperforms tubes (very few in my opinion LOL) in the areas of bass, leading edge transients and image specificity. The headphone section is exceptional and the quality of the build is first rate. This thing is seriously underpriced…if this amp listed at $9,000 I would think it was a fair price for what you are getting. I’ll be keeping it, even though I have a lot of time remaining on the clock to return it.  I paid full retail, much to my chagrin because I hate paying full price for anything.  I will always have a couple of other amps around like the Leben or the Line Magnetic. Sometimes I just want to listen to something more euphonic, like a good el34 based amp in triode mode with a quad of Mullard xf1’s installed. Like when Muddy Waters sings of the virtues of a “Big Legged Woman”. I have also been known to eat butter, bread and a fatty prime steak to excess on occasion as well!  I was completely surprised by the sound of the Z10, which is very difficult to describe.  The Linear Tube Audio Z10 Integrated Amplifier checks all the boxes for what and how I like to listen to music. Whatever you throw at it be it jazz, classic rock, classical, intimate vocal performances….it excelled at each!  That's kind of the point though isn't it? Hifi gear should play what's on the recording very well in a very pleasing way.  I’ve never posted a review like this, LTA had no idea I was going to do it, I haven’t communicated with them since the day the amp arrived nor should it carry any weight with anyone reading this that they should or shouldn't like it.  These are just my observations.  If you have reasonably (not ultra sensitive, just reasonable) sensitive speakers or your listening tastes don’t often find you venturing into Rush 2112 at 110db volumes played through 82db speakers, this may be an amplifier you should consider.  I wouldn’t hesitate to pair this amp with Devores, Harbeth 30.2’s, etc, etc. YMMV and Peace.

Hey ghasley,

Congrats!  Also your review is extremely well written and very informative.  Right now I have in-house the new LTA  power amplifier and it also is a magical wonderful music maker.

Thanks for sharing this with the other GON members.
Great review! It was a fun read and I enjoyed your non-audio professional write-up. I have been curious about LTA for a while now, especially with the rave reviews from members like @teajay. I have a Line Magnetic 805 right now and love it - can't imagine selling it. But I was looking for another amp to share the duties so I don't burn out the 805's too quickly. Sounds like this a nice contender. 

Given that I have recently been getting into headphones more (just bought the Meze Empyrean's to go along with my Focal Clear's), an integrated amp with a top rate headphone amp section would be a very nice plus. I have heard nothing but great things about the MZ2 and the newly released MZ3. Does this Z10 integrated amp have any of the technology trickled down from the MZ3 I wonder?

I also wonder if my Spendor D9's would be efficient enough to be powered by the Z10... My LM pushes a strong 48W per channel and it sounds great.. I might have to email Mark. 
Great read--thanks for taking the time to share your impressions of the new LTA integrated. As an owner of the ZOTL Ultralinaer, I was nodding my head all the way through. The LTA/Berning partnership is bringing to the music loving population world class gear at reasonable prices--that is the real story here. Thanks for sharing!
@ghasley,  yes, you described the sound very well. I completely agree. I have the ZOTL40, UltraLinear and ZOTL Preamp.

@dodgealum you said it, “world class gear at reasonable prices--that is the real story here” that’s an understatement.

Great review! I use a microzotl mz2s as a pre amp but often hook it up to my 98db sensitive omega speakers and it is an out of body experience. I’d love to try the integrated. I love el84's
I just upgraded from a LTA MZ2 to an MZ3. That, in itself, was a significant upgrade. The word clarity comes to mind. The MZ3 sounds clearer, with no harshness. And Kudos to Linear Tube Audio for offering an introductory discount on an MZ3 for previous MZ2 buyers. I use the MZ3 strictly to drive a pair of Focal Utopia headphones. 

Let me say, tube matching is Critical to get the most out of the MZ3. 12SN7 Sylvania tubes have the most sparkle and energy on top. They made good mates with Mullard 12at7s. 
Tung Sol 12SN7 tubes pair well with more neutral tubes, like an Amperex 12at7. And RCA 12SN7s sounded a little harsh, especially on top. I tamed them with an RCA 6211. The RCA combo might be my favorite.

Hi, I replied to your PM. It all depends on how much of the 48wpc you need and require as I am unfamiliar with Spendors or your listening preferences. For me, its no contest, the LTA is so good and yet so different that it makes it very difficult to describe and compare to my baseline, let alone someone else's. Best wishes.
Thanks for your review!

I've got a Z10 on order with the phono stage. 

Really looking forward to getting in my main system!

Congats! What speakers and other gear will you be mating with the Z10?

A review by Steve Guttenberg is just out on CNET. I appreciate the job he has to do and he may one of the few reviewers out there who truly makes a living. With that said, his written reviews always leave me wanting a little bit more. Oh well, I appreciate that he reviews gear in all pricepoints.

Apologies for the late response, I forgot that this site does not provide e-mail updates for thread activity (at least for me).

I'll be using the Z10 in my living room system:

Speakers, Cain and Cain Abby (single driver, crossover-less)
Digital, Linn Akurate DS/3 (current spec with Katalyst DAC)
Turntable #1, Sota Star/Nova with SME V arm, Koetsu Rosewood cart (original longbody version)
Turntable #2, Thorens TD-124 Mk II (fully restored), Kuzma Stogi S 12 VTA arm, Lyra Delos cart

Looks like shipping on the Z10s with phono will probably be in June, so I've still got a little while to wait!
@ghasley ,Thanks for an excellent review. You hit on all the important points of an amplifier with such a unique design.

Wondering if anyone in the larger community as had a listen to the EL34 - based ZOTL40?


I have the ZOTL40. The best amp I’ve ever heard.  At it’s price point it’s a huge bargain.

A friend her on Agon just got the ZOTL40 and he says it crushes his Lyngdorf 2170.

its the best kept secret in Audio.
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I am interested in the XA25 as well as the ZOTL40 and wonder what the general sonic differences are? 

Wish LTA made a more powerful integrated.

Bill, you might check with member ghasley, who wrote a wonderful review of the LTA Z10 integrated. If I recall correctly, I think he mentioned (but not necessarily in that review) that they might indeed be coming out with a more powerful integrated. If I weren't all in on Don Sachs' separates, that might be the direction I'd take as well. Perhaps he'll chime in.

Good luck!
Did you find the Nagra 300i cooler sounding than the ARC gear you owned before the LTA?

Just heard the 300p driving AG horns this week and didn’t find it typical 300b sounding at all.
Hi Keith. I'm going on aural memory and since we know one another, I hope you will cut me a break. LOL.

I found the Nagra 300i integrated amplifier to have less warmth and a smaller soundstage/presentation than even its stable mate, the Nagra 300b standalone amplifier. That was years ago on different speakers. If I were listening back to back between the Nagra 300b amp and the Ref75se, I wouldn't hesitate in betting my house that I would prefer the warmth, texture and presentation of the Ref75se every time.

You are aware that I loved my ARC Ref75se/Ref5se combination with my Devore O96 speakers. The Z10 LTA is less dense than the ARC combo but was more agile and fast sounding. Very dynamic for its stated power but I bet I never used 2 or 3 watts. It is a remarkable sounding little amplifier, extended frequencies on both ends of the sonic spectrum.

I believe the Nagra 300i was developed at a time in Nagra's corporate structure at a time where they may have been attempting to take the 300b tube and make it sound more "accurate" and "linear". Well, it sounded to me after a while like really good solid state then. Why did I buy it? I ordered the integrated after hearing the standalone amp driven by a Nagra tube preamp which may have explained why it had just enough warmth to cause me to pull the trigger back then. I believe Nagra made a mistake fitting the integrated version with the solid state pre section. As you know, among the several amps that I have presently, I switch between a Leben cs600 and a Nagra Classic integrated. I would wager that my Classic Integrated has a great deal more warmth than the 300i.

Anyway, good luck and best wishes Keith.
I am looking for anyone who is using this integrated with the phono stage.   How good is the MC/MM section?  Is it good or great?  
I just got the Z10 last night after reading this and many other reviews. All I can say this early on is that you are so spot on with the sound description. It’s so much more immediate, clear, and defined than anything I’ve had before. Just radically different in terms of space perception, definition, and illustration compared to my Primaluna. Bass is deeper and stronger, soundstage is wider and deeper, and it’s so dead freaking quiet you can hear everything. Didn’t realize how much transformer noise the Primaluna has by comparison. 
It’s early still so I’m hoping my only wish will come true and that is that the high end will smooth out. I expect it will but it’s only got 5-6 hours on it. Everything else is blowing my mind. The headphone amp gives the same qualities just with even more immediacy and crazy good bass for my HD650s. 
Reviving this thread to hear if anyone can chime in with what they think of the Z10 phono stage. I just ordered one from LTA, but it will take up to three weeks to receive it. I’ve been using a Tavish phono pre with a MicroZOTL2 into a pair of Zu Dirty Weekend mkii speakers. I absolutely loved the sound. But LTA had a Labor Day weekend bundle sale, and, well, it was enough of a discount for me to pull the trigger on the Z10. I’m in the mood to cut the clutter and power cord tangles and just go with one box to rule them all. Still curious about how the phone amp sounds, tho....
Hey Geoff, taking an Ultralinear+ for a spin. Very favorable impression so far. 

Very cool! LTA is great gear and the company leadership is very unpretentious and responsive. While I don’t presently have any LTA gear, I wouldn’t hesitate to own it again. How are your new Fyne’s?