I'm new and need help


I dont know anything about home theater system except I need and AVR and some speakers and can connect them with either hdmi, optical, or rca cables to my tv. Im on a budget so my plan is to buy a used old avr and some bookshelf speakers for the time being and upgrade over time... I have seen a yamaha htr 5830 within my price range and was thinking to go with that and connect my tv with an optical cable.

I can really use some help and would appreciate any tips or suggestions. Thanks.

peytonbirch
2 speakers with an integrated amp will get you much better sound for less than any AVR. The cheapest/best solution is to use your laptop or other device as a source, run the L/R audio to the integrated amp, and use an adapter to connect the video directly into the TV. This will save you from having to buy extra cables, and provide sound and video quality right up there with a lot of much more expensive components. It's what I do, and my system is not exactly what you'd call budget. https://systems.audiogon.com/systems/8367 
Would help greatly if you’d share what your budget is. 
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MC
The OP is starting out and looking at a $100 receiver. Have you no clue how to help him? Like maybe a real world suggestion?
He’s going out of a TV, not a 5 figure TT.
Or some imaginary laptop.
If your budget absolutely cannot afford an HDMI AVR, then optical is the way to go. However, if it can, then you are better using Audio Return Channel (ARC), a way for your TV to use an HDMI connection as an audio output.
Millercarbon does the same copy/paste paragraph on pretty much every new Home Theater thread just like a crusade without really listening to what the OP is asking.  Kind of gets so old that sometimes I don't reply.

The Yamaha HTR-5830 that the OP referred to is a $50-60 used item that is likely 16-20 years old.  Even the Sony STR DA-1000ES that dweller recommends is way out of the budget.

Based on this budget, I can recommend looking for some used Polk Rti4 bookshelf speakers.  They are typically $60-80 a pair used.  They actually aren't that bad for the money.

Like erik suggested, if you can't afford an HDMI audio/video receiver, it's best to try to use the optical output on the TV to connect to your old AVR (like the HTR-5830).
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I dont know anything about home theater system except I need and AVR and some speakers and can connect them with either hdmi, optical, or rca cables to my tv. Im on a budget so my plan is to buy a used old avr and some bookshelf speakers for the time being and upgrade over time... I have seen a yamaha htr 58 10.0.0.0.1 30 within my price range and was thinking to go with that and connect my tv with an optical cable.




issue got solved
I do not think that you will hear anything else than stereo .
The two left speakers will play the left channel. Same thing ; the
right speakers will play the right channel . The center should play
both channels .
You will have to buy speaker cables . Not highend ones .
Long ones for the surrounds speakers. Gage : 12

Along the way , you will be able to buy , higher ends AVR at very good price.
Even a new AVR will be obsolete in a very short time. Often , owners will sell it at big discount
to buy the new flavor of the month.

Dont forget the subwoofer.
Stereo playback unless , the Yamaha has a good upmixer for 
surround mode