To understand the use of sonics: Distilled water with or without a surfactant (soap) in the sonic's basin cannot clean (let alone restore a record (and remove prior films left over from prior cleanings and the record's release agent from the pressing process) as the record immersed in the basin before it spins have the same "charge", (potential difference). The Kirmuss agent NOT TO BE POURED INTO THE BASIN, at $85 for 300-600 records, AND SPRAYED ONTO THE RECORD changes the charge temporarily allowing layers of cleaning films, protective coatings and the the release agent removed. The charge of the record returns to negative, that is why the cycling of 2 or 5 minute cycles with the IONIZING BI POLAR AGENT brushed in..no a cleaner! This and record spacing is critical to achieve first cleaning, then record groove restoration. Using the Audio Deske cleaner is not bi polar, yes it will make the surface look clean but the use of other agents removes from the design parameters and efficiency of the Kirmuss GROOVE RESTORATION Process in removing the release agent where the clicks and and pops reside in. Also, after the Kirmuss process if followed, restoration is validated as where there is no pooling of water on the record as restoration is complete, validating also the fact where no air or vacuum drying is needed, NEVER USE ANY LIQUID ON A RECORD UNLESS YOU HAVE CHECKED THE INGREDIENTS IN THE LIQUID TO THE PVC CHEMICAL COMPATIBILITY LIST. If the manufacturer does not state what they use, or do not supply you by Law with their MDS SAFETY DATA SHEET for their cleaning agent, BEWARE! Tergitol is ETHYLENE OXIDE, bad for plastic, and is a California Prop 95 Cancer Causing Agent! Always follow manufacturer instructions with their systems. Do not try to do your own mixes!