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Actually, I consider Big Joe Turner and a couple of his post-World War 2 1940’s contemporaries the instigators of Rock ’n’ Roll. Those Blues "shouters", as they were called, were playing what is now called Jump Blues---R & B with a heavy backbeat. Chuck himself was heavily influenced by not just Blues players, but also Jazz guitarist Charlie Christian and the Jazz-style playing of the guitarists in Big Bands and Western Swing combos. But he pretty-much single-handedly reduced guitar playing into the style most identified as Rock ’n’ Roll.
On the other hand, Scotty Moore---Elvis’ original guitarist, developed his style before Chuck had made a single recording, and is responsible for being an originator of the Hillbilly-influence Rockabilly style guitar playing. Another huge player was Carl Perkins, whom George Harrison "borrowed" from, his other main man being Chet Atkins.