Cabinet Cooling

I have all of my components in a homemade media cabinet with no doors.  After adding amplifiers, I noticed a heat issue after prolonged use.  Since the front of the cabinet is open, if I add some fans in the rear of the cabinet to pull the hot air out, will that be sufficient, or would it be better to pull cool air in from the rear?  Pulling the air in has me concerned about dust buildup on the electronics.

Yesterday know one knew the cabinet hindered the cooling of audio gear. Today most should, an open rack with a ceiling fan above would be my advice.
Keep the amp on top...*grinz
I agree that your best option is to open up the cabinet as much as you can.

Adding fans adds noise.
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Basically, regarding fans, you get infinitely more benefit from fans blowing “on” something versus blowing “away” from it. 
As far as dust is concerned; you may find a “Bionaire” or something similar that will provide excellent air filtration as well. Double benefit from the cooling effect :)
I have the same problem with my setup and solved it with a small fan clipped to the back of my media unit, directing the air towards the rear of my integrated. I'm assuming the back of your cabinet is open, like mine.

I can hear it between music cuts as it's a cheap fan and it's temporary until I get something like the small, Vornado desk fan, which is pretty much whisper quiet.

I've tried listening to it and it's so much quieter than the cheap fan I now use. It's just that I'm lazy and haven't gotten around to getting it yet, but with summer on the horizon, I'll be getting one soon. It's easy to position so it's basically a set and forget option. 

As long as the back of the unit is directly in the path of the air from the fan, it'll work like you want. Even my cheap fan leaves my integrated feeling like it was never turned on.

All the best,
I have this and on level two its inaudible at my seat, very nice thermostat control , very well made.

One can also go for AC if looking to have comfortable temperature.
One can also go for AC if looking to have comfortable temperature.

My listening/theater room is in the basement, even mid August I am putting a sweatshirt on to head down.

look at fans that are designed to cool components you can choose how they draw air and where the will exhaust front top or rear

I also use the Acinfinty T8 on both of my amps and my processor, works great.  For additional  cooling to bring fresh air in I have Acinfinty S2 usb fans on my mesh doors.  My cabinet has mesh front door and no back.