Am I brushing records wrong?

I just cleaned a bunch of my records, using the sink washing (with the GroovMaster) method described by a fellow 'Goner.

When I'm done I place the record on the player for a final dust cleaning with my Audioquest carbon fiber brush. Just looked at the record under the light, and there are dozens to hundreds of tiny little hairs over the record. Brushing them just moves the around, but they're almost impossible to get off. Sometimes they just change the way they're pointing, sometimes the brush goes right over them, making them seem like a scratch, but they're not.

Am I carbon fiber brushing incorrectly? I usually brush with many swipes from the center to the edge while the record spins on the player, attempting to brush the dust off the record. I think the carbon fiber bristles are the little hairs I'm seeing, though, so maybe I shouldn't be brushing.

Incidentally, many of my brand new records still have surface noise, and quite a bit of ticks and pops...I'm pretty disappointed. Maybe if I had an autocleaner it would help, but I'm manually washing with soap/water, then using a stiffer brush to apply Record Research Deep Cleaner, so I was hoping for no noise.

What are you using for a cleaning solution?

I start (before a brush ever touches the LP) with warm water blasted through a Water-Pik and then follow up with an alcohol/water cleaning solution worked with a brush. I use a detergent added mix/solution if the LP seems to warrant it (meaning mystery prints/stains).

I also only use carbon fiber brushes (Philips are my current ones) for dry brushing before/after play, never wet. I was not aware that they could be used "wet", so maybe I'm out of the link with this.

I am currently still using the Groovmaster supplied long bristled brush for wet cleaning, but if I ever get going through the bulk of our LP's I will most likely need/go through quite a few wet brushes. Don't really know what to go with/look for though suspect that a quality natural/organic fiber paint brush might be OK as it should be softer than the vinyl. Anyway, still need to figure this out.

I clean in the kitchen (tile counter top/linolium floor), so dust is not much of an issue even though the rest of our place is "dust city". Once the LP is rinsed/blasted it does not attract dust anyway.

Being a bit clumsy, other than using plastic tubs inserted in the ceramic sinks, I also line the counter tops within the work area with linen (old tablecloths).

I have read of people using soft cotton towels, but this seems to be asking for it (dust/fibers). Suppose that neither would be needed if you are sure handed (I'm not).

As I have not yet refurbished a cheesy 60's record vacuum I'm still using a plastic coated wire drying rack (don't see much of a need to vacuum, other than the time factor, when using a Water-Pik and "plenty" of warm water for the pre and final rinses).

Sorry, don't know how you are picking up the dust and/or maintaining it. I have never had less than stellar results with my basic routine (much better results than local friends who use auto machines only on used/dirty LP's).

The ticket is to thoroughly irrigate most/all hard particles from the grooves prior to brushing, otherwise these foreign particles can end up scratching the LP.

New LP's require two deep cleanings from my experience. Other than the first cleaning a second cleaning is needed following 3-5 plays.

Not certain why this is (perhaps material lathed off by the stylus) but they can sound much better following the second cleaning.

I've had this happen with used LP's as well (discovered this when giving noisy ones a second cleaning/chance), but this has not occuredd too often as usually the second cleaning does little/no good.

I have read about annoying/persistant surface noise from others, but have rarely experienced this myself with well cleaned LP's of decent/good condition. I also own mainly older LP's (not newly manufactured ones).

Other than basic setup perhaps the cartridges and/or phono preamps have a role in this? I have used quite a few (different) phono preamps, but not that many different cartridges over a 30 year period.

I also assume that you are using clean/fresh liners once the LP's have been cleaned. This is pretty much a must though not expensive if you don't mind plastic sleeves.

Yes, you are brushing wrong. Carbon-fibre brushes work by harnessing static electricity - which simultaneously causes the dust particles to adhere to the edge of the bristle, and de-statics the record.

Hold the brush perpendicular to the spindle hole and touch a piece of grounded metal (turntable chassis for example). Don't press down -- the brush's own weight provides sufficient contact. Turn on the platter and let it spin for one revolution -- then pull the brush directly away from the spindle in a smooth motion. When it leaves the record you will feel a tiny spark through your finger where it touches the metal chassis.

If you look at the brush now, you will see that the dust has adhered to the end of the bristles.

The Philips Carbon brushes I use have removable grounding wires supplied with them. Never tried the wire ground, but w/o being aware of the benefit I do steady myself by placing a hand on the grounded metal equipment rack.

Nice info to know as the few times the brushes seemed to be doing a poor job were probably caused by my not touching the rack (being unaware of my inconsistancy, or the grounding issue, I recleaned the brushes and the LP's).
Yup most defenitly you must be grounded by touching a peice of equ. that does have a ground for the - ions to excape through that path. As for holding the brush (audioquest) I hold it at a slight tilt say 110 degree`s not the 90 degree`s as most do. I also pull it to the outer edge say after 5 or 6 rotation`s very slowly. With this method I get ALL the dust and lint off and I mean ALL. I have been told it`s not the proper way to pull it back, and also I should hold it at 90 degree`s but sometime`s rule`s can be broke`n with good result`s. David
Regarding the ticks and pops on new records, I think you shd recheck your cartridge setup, esp VTA, to make sure its tracking properly. If your cart is mis-alined, you could be damaging the grooves.

The others have described the proper technique for using a carbon fiber brush. "Hundreds of tiny hairs" on a freshly washed record are almost certainly carbon fibers from your brush. They are indeed very difficult to remove. Try zapping with your ZeroStat gun (you have one, right?) and then blasting with compressed air (you have that, right?).

It may be time for a new carbon fiber brush.
Thanks everyone. I didn't know you're supposed to use static to your advantage to remove dust. The "hairs" are almost certainly carbon fiber bristles. The brush is fairly new, I think my brushing technique has been horribly flawed (sounds like you're not supposed to actually make brushing motions at all).

Follow-up question. I have a Music Hall MMF-7, and I don't think the chassis is metal. Is it? If not, what should I touch?

Haven't gotten into VTA and all that, my cartidge was set up by the table's previous owner. I'm almost afraid to get into all those measurements for fear of screwing it up. I do get great non-ticky/poppy results from my 200 gram Quiex pressings.
Touch, say, the metal cover on an outlet (the cover!) or a light switch - make sure they are metal, not plastic.

On the noise:

Get the Disc Doctor's Miracle Cleaner. By far the best record cleaning system on the market. It will make a tremendous difference on new records. A vacuum. machine will simply make it more convenient, not better. It's not expensive either.

It's meant to be used with a carbon-fibre brush at the end, so your investment to date is not in vain.

When you buy secondhand records, learn how to grade them properly, and only buy near-mint.

And yes, be sure that your cart is aligned properly. You shouldn't have to hear any surface noise if you follow all these instructions.